Cakes are a great way to feed several people at a gathering, and people often wonder if they can be left out or if they need to be refrigerated. This is because, more often than not, you will have a surplus, since you have to make such a large quantity all at once. I’ve been baking all my life and can give you a definitive answer.
Cakes that contain perishable ingredients, such as cheesecake or carrot cake, should always be refrigerated. However, cakes that contain a lot of sugar or are made from box mixes can usually last at room temperature for almost a week.
It is usually a good idea to store an unfinished cake in the refrigerator.
A good cake storage container, like this one found on Amazon, is key to keeping cakes as fresh as possible for as long as possible.
Because there are several different ways to make cake, there isn’t necessarily a hard and fast rule about which needs to be refrigerated and which can sit out at room temperature. To help you figure things out, this article will give you some guidelines about when you should and shouldn’t refrigerate your leftover cake.
It’s All About the Ingredients
The shelf life of cakes depends on what you put in it.
A plain cake such as vanilla, funfetti, or king cake that doesn’t have frosting on it or fillings should last for several days or even a week on the counter. This is because the sugar in the cake acts as a preservative, and there aren’t any fresh ingredients that will quickly spoil. Box mixes typically contain preservatives, so if left unfrosted, it will definitely last almost a week sitting on the counter.
Just make sure that you have a really good cake storage container, like my favorite one found on Amazon, to help maintain the freshness.
An unfrosted cake can be kept for about two or three months in the freezer. When you are ready to frost it, thaw the cake out in the refrigerator and put on the frosting shortly before you are ready to serve it.
Cakes with fresh ingredients or frosting may benefit from refrigeration, although it’s not exactly necessary. Again, the rules of cake refrigeration aren’t black and white. Cakes such as carrot or pineapple upside-down cake contain perishable ingredients, so it is best to keep them in the refrigerator; however, they can last one or two days on the counter at room temperature without spoiling.
If you bought a cake refrigerated, then you should keep it refrigerated. Ice cream cakes and “icebox cakes” are intended to be cold, so they should remain that way. The cakes could melt or spoil if they are left at room temperature, so you should only keep them out long enough to cut and serve to everyone.
What About Frosting?
Frosted cakes usually keep better in the refrigerator.
Buttercream frosting should be okay at room temperature for a few days. Butter is safe to keep out for a few days, and sugar doesn’t need to be refrigerated at all, which means a simple buttercream frosting without extra ingredients should be fine if you leave it on the counter for a few days. You should probably throw it away once it has been out for a week, so you don’t risk eating spoiled food.
If a frosting contains eggs or dairy products other than butter, it should be refrigerated immediately and only left out while you’re serving the cake. Dairy products create moisture that will cause bacteria to grow rapidly. Refrigeration slows down the growth of bacteria, which is why it’s important to refrigerate immediately.
Frosting with preservatives will be safe on the counter. If you use frosting from a can, it should have enough preservatives to make it safe to keep on the countertop until you finish the entire cake.
When in Doubt: Refrigerate
If you’re not sure if you should put your cake in the refrigerator, go ahead and do it. It’s better to be cautious than to risk getting everyone in your group sick from spoiled ingredients. Some bakers don’t recommend refrigerating pastries and cakes because it creates too much moisture, but it shouldn’t create so much that it ruins the cake.
Refrigeration can also be beneficial for cooling down cakes. You can cool down a cake faster to frost it or keep a frosted cake in the refrigerator to prevent it from melting when the kitchen gets too hot.
No Two Cakes Are the Same
As mentioned before, different cakes have different ingredients that require certain care when it comes to preservation. So, let’s take a look at some popular cakes and how to store them.
Cheesecake is unlike the typical cakes that have been discussed in this article so far. It has a dairy base instead of a flour base, so it must be refrigerated shortly after it is baked. Since it contains eggs, baking is required to cook them, but they must be kept cool in the refrigerator to avoid premature spoiling.
Dairy and eggs contain protein and moisture, which is the perfect climate for rapid bacterial growth. Refrigeration will slow down this process. You should never eat a cheesecake that has sat out for several hours. Bacteria can be present without being visible, so you shouldn’t take a chance on the cheesecake that’s been sitting out all afternoon.
Refrigerating should keep it fresh for no more than seven days, while freezing it should keep it fresh for up to eight months. If you have any uncertainty about its freshness, you should probably just throw it out.
Carrot cake should always be stored in the refrigerator because its ingredients make it susceptible to mold. Store this cake with plastic wrap or a zipping plastic bag in the refrigerator. The carrots create moisture, which encourages bacteria to grow, especially if it is kept out on the counter in a warm or humid room.
Carrot cake typically has a cream cheese frosting, which is one of the frostings that should always be refrigerated because of its dairy content.
You can keep this cake on the counter while you serve it, but it should promptly be put away once everyone has gotten a slice. Like other cakes, this one should last in the refrigerator for no more than a week. It will also last several months in the freezer. You may want to get a more compact container specifically designed for freezing cakes and pies, like this type found on Amazon.
Pineapple Upside-down Cake
Pineapple upside-down cake should be refrigerated and eaten quickly. This fruity cake is usually made with pineapples and cherries. Whether the fruits were fresh or canned, they make the cake highly susceptible to mold and bacteria. You can keep it on the counter for just a day or two, but no longer than that.
When storing it, cover it in plastic wrap before placing it in the refrigerator. Because this cake is sugary and wet, you should use toothpicks to prevent the wrap from touching the cake. Be sure the wrap covers the entire cake and doesn’t let any air inside. This cake will only last about three days in the refrigerator because of its perishable ingredients.
You should refrigerate cakes that:
- Have fillings or frosting
- Contain perishable ingredients such as fruit or vegetables
- Have a dairy base, like cheesecake
You don’t have to refrigerate cakes that:
- Aren’t frosted
- Don’t have fillings, like king cake
- Came from a box mix, like funfetti cake
Always refrigerate a cake if you are worried about how long it will keep. The refrigerator may add some moisture to the cake, but it shouldn’t be enough to affect the texture or taste.
Freezing a cake will keep it fresh for up to eight months. Always thaw the cake in the refrigerator, so excess moisture will not cause the cake to become mushy. Freeze a cake and frosting separately, so there will not be a chance of changing the texture of the cake.
Helpful Recommended Products
Here is a summary of a few products that you may find useful in keeping your cakes fresh:
- Cake Storage Container
- Cake/Pie Freezer Container
- Small Freezer Container (For Frosting)
- How Long Does Cake Last in the Freezer, Fridge, or Left Out?
- How Long Does Buttercream Frosting Last?
- How Long Does Fondant Last? | With Storage Guidelines
- How Long Does Fruitcake Last? | With or Without Alcohol
- How To Thaw Ice Cream Cake | The Best Way
- Should I Refrigerate Peach Cobbler? | Storage Guide
- 10 Ways To Prolong The Shelf Life Of Cookies
- How Long Does Gingerbread Last?
- What Dessert Goes With Lasagna? | 13 Yummy Options
Anne James has a wealth of expertise in a wide array of interests, including quilting, cooking, gardening, camping, and making jelly.
She has a professional canning business and has been featured in the local newspaper, and has been her family canner for decades. Anyone growing up in the South knows that there is always a person in the family who has knowledge of the “old ways,” and this is exactly what Anne is.
With over 55 years of experience in these endeavors, she brings a level of hands-on knowledge that is hard to surpass.
Lovingly known as “Jelly Grandma” by her grandkids, Anne hopes your visit here has been a sweet one.
Most cakes—the butter-based cakes, oil-based cakes, chiffon cakes, and sponge cakes of the world—keep well at room temperature for at least one to two days.Does a cake need to be refrigerated? ›
Should You Refrigerate Cake? You should avoid refrigeration in most cases. Unless your cake features perishable materials that could spoil—like cream frosting, fresh fruit, ice cream, mascarpone, or whipped cream—it's actually better off at room temperature.How long can cake be left out at room temperature? ›
Room Temperature Storage: Most birthday cakes can last a few days at room temperature, roughly around 3 days before the moisture evaporates. Keep your cake in a cake tin or an airtight container for best results.Does cake from a box need to be refrigerated? ›
You can store cake at room temp or in the fridge or freezer. Cake will keep at room temp for up to 2 days, loosely covered. Both frosted and unfrosted cakes will keep up to 5 days in the fridge if they're tightly covered. All cakes with custard or whipped-cream filling or topping should be refrigerated.What cake can be left out? ›
Most cakes—whether frosted, unfrosted, cut, or uncut—are fine for a few days when properly stored at room temperature.What types of dessert can stay at room temperature? ›
- Carrot-Cake Doughnuts. “They can hang out and not melt at all. ...
- Red Velvet Whoopie Pies. ...
- Peanut-Butter-Pretzel Cookies. ...
- Lemon Bars. ...
- Blueberry Hand Pies. ...
- Extra: Her Simple Summer Cocktail.
But, First: Do I Need to Refrigerate My Cake? Most of the time, the answer is no. Most cakes, frosted and unfrosted, cut and uncut, are perfectly fine at room temperature for several days.Can cake be stored at room temperature? ›
Store Cake for 1 to 3 Days At Room Temperature
If you're planning to eat your cake within three days of when it was baked, the best thing to do is keep it at room temperature. This means on the counter, away from heat, and out of direct sunlight.
Most cakes, whether halved, iced or un-iced, will keep at room temperature for 4-5 days. However, during hot, humid weather, cakes can be put in the refrigerator, especially those with icing. How do you keep cakes fresh? To keep cakes fresh, it's best to store them in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.What is the best way to store a cake? ›
- Store when completely cooled. Cakes with frostings or fillings containing dairy products should be refrigerated.
- Store under cake cover or large bowl. ...
- Freeze unfrosted cakes. ...
- Freeze cakes with frosting. ...
- Thaw cakes at room temperature.
Cakes can be stored in the fridge for up to a week. If you need to store the cake for longer than that, put it in the freezer. Wrap the cake tightly in plastic wrap or aluminium foil, and then place it in a freezer-safe bag. Cakes will stay fresh in the freezer for up to two months.Do you have to refrigerate a cake with buttercream frosting? ›
If you're planning to serve your frosted cake or treat within 3 days of making it, you can store it, covered, at room temperature. Otherwise, decorated treats are best kept in the fridge.How do you keep a cake good without a refrigerator? ›
To keep the cake fresh it is important to cover it fully to avoid air and keep it at a good temperature. For doing this you can use plastic wrap, foil, and airtight containers. A moderately cool room temperature is perfect for cake, however for cakes with frosting we recommend using the refrigerator.Does cake with cream cheese frosting need to be refrigerated? ›
Yes, cream cheese frosting needs to be refrigerated because it is prone to spoiling. However, cream cheese frosting can last up to two hours at room temperature, so you don't have to worry about eating cold cake.Will a cake stay fresh in a cake box? ›
If it's a boxed bakery cake you're storing, and you'll be eating it that day, just leave it in the box on the counter. It's as simple as that. If it's a boxed bakery cake you're saving for 2 to 3 days, keep the cake in its box and wrap the whole thing in plastic wrap. This will help it stay moist.Does a buttercream cake need to be refrigerated? ›
Unless it has perishable ingredients in it, it doesn't really need to be chilled. A cake that's covered in American buttercream doesn't need to be chilled. Unless you've got a really warm room or a bug problem, it's okay to be left at room temperature for several days. Just cover it in a box or a cake keeper.Do you have to refrigerate red velvet cake? ›
Storage: Red velvet cake should be stored in the refrigerator because of the cream cheese frosting. It will stay good for about 5 days. We think it is best when it has 1-2 hours to sit out of the fridge to come up to room temperature before serving.
An uncut frosted cake that's been frosted with buttercream, fondant, or ganache can last at room temperature for up to five days. Keep it covered with a cake keeper or a bowl to protect it from dust or other particles.